Diabetic Retinopathy is a complex and serious disease related to diabetes, which affects the eyes. It damages the blood vessels located behind the retina. Due to this disease, the blood vessels behind the retina can be damaged. In the early stages, there are no specific symptoms of diabetic retinopathy, only changes in vision. If it is not treated by considering it as a symptom of diabetic retinopathy and getting it checked, then eyesight can also go away. If this disease is ignored in the early stages, it can lead to blindness. This disease can develop in people who suffer from type 1 or type 2 diabetes and whose blood sugar level is never controlled, those people are more likely to develop this disease.
In the early stages of this disease, the small blood vessels in the retina become weak. In this disease, the amount of sugar in the blood becomes high, which can harm the whole body including the eyes. If blood sugar is too high, damage to the blood vessels in the retina can lead to diabetic retinopathy. This disease can cause inflammation of the inner part of the eye, which leads to blurred vision.
Symptoms appear after the initial stage of diabetic retinopathy, the main symptoms are-
1. Dark spots or floaters
2. Blurred vision
3. Crooked look
4. Difficulty recognizing colors
5. Eye pain
Swelling and damage to the blood vessels of the eyes can also lead to loss of vision.
About treatment for diabetic retinopathy
By which method the treatment of a patient is possible, it can be told only after the specialist test. Diabetic retinopathy is usually treated with oral medications, laser procedures, injections, and surgery.
How to prevent diabetic retinopathy
As the problem of diabetes becomes severe and old, its effect on the eyes starts, so the best way to avoid it is to follow the advice given by the doctor to prevent the increase in blood sugar as soon as diabetes is detected and a clean lifestyle and diet. Follow the rules and keep taking the medicine. Apart from this, if you have diabetes, you should also get an eye exam done once or twice a year so that it can be known that there is no adverse effect on the eyes. If so, get it treated on time.
Treatment of diabetic retinopathy with new technology
23 gauge vitrectomy is a better option for the treatment of eye damage due to diabetes. People who require surgery to treat the problem of diabetic retinopathy should get the surgery done by a qualified surgeon Dr.
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